Meningitis c vaccine is now quite popular among the individuals. The vaccine is made and prepared from the sugar coat of some typical germ. This causes a typical variety of meningitis. The sugar is conjugated with a type of protein and this when injected in to the body will lead to the development of the immunity to meningitis c. this will help in producing an apt defense system in the body. The vaccine is normally given in the form of an injection in to the upper arm of an individual.
According to American Academy of Pediatrics boys should be regularly given a vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) which is a common virus spread usually by sexual contact. There are many types of HPV, if vaccinated at regular intervals males and females can be protected against common types that can cause disease and cancer. The doctor’s group said that the routine vaccination of boys against HPV will prevent them transferring virus to girls thus reducing the risk of cervical cancer and protecting the boys against some other cancers arising from getting infected with HPV during oral and anal sex.
Perhaps every doctor you visit asks you to do the exercise regularly. Regular exercise helps to keep the body fit and avoid many deadly diseases. Some of the major diseases like high cholesterol, heart attacks, diabetes, etc. can easily be cured with the help of exercises. Exercises are also recommended for people who are looking to loose weight naturally without any kind of artificial methods. However, you would be surprised to know that exercise can also play a great role to cure cancer.
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine in California, converted cells from mouse skin into neural precursor cells, bypassing stem cell stage. Neural precursor cells are those cells that later develop into three main types of cells that are found in the brain and the nervous system. This report was published online in the early online January 30th issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. This study has questioned the old belief that the ability to become any other cell of the body, a characteristic of the stem cells called as pluripotency, is necessary in order to change from one cell type to another.
A heart attack occurs when a coronary artery is clogged or blocked suddenly. Before the heart attack occurs, there may be a gradual blockage of a coronary vessel with cholesterol plaque. The difference between stable CAD and a heart attack is that during the heart attack, one of the cholesterol plaques has cracked, causing a hemorrhage that blocks the vessel, or the vessel has narrowed until a tiny clot or clump of platelets can block it and deprive the muscle downstream of the blood necessary for survival.
Sometimes, some of the cells that line the coronary artery are sheared off by a rapid blood flow or some other damaging process. The tissue that is exposed promotes vigorous clotting that can block the vessel suddenly. Sometimes blood flows into the exposed cholesterol plaque and shears off a portion of it, forming a flap valve that suddenly blocks the vessel. However the blockage occurs, it prevents blood from reaching some of the heart muscle, causing part of that muscle to die.
What are the symptoms of a heart attack ?
A new study on the drugs for colon cancer provides evidence for oxaliplatin to enhance the survival rates for the patients undergoing standard chemotherapy for advanced colon cancer. Earlier, a combination of 5-FU with Leucovorin was the choice of chemotherapy for colon cancer patients which showed 26 percent of deduction in death rates but currently it was studied that adding oxaliplatin to this combination could further rise the figures to another 23 percent.
According to an international study in Lancet Oncology, the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome is higher in patients who suffer from breast cancer and are given exemestane than the patients who are administered tamoxifen. Aromatase inhibitors are more effective than tamoxifen in preventing breast cancer from recurring, but this is at the expense of side effects such as carpal tunnel syndrome. The study was aimed at studying and assessing the risk factors involved and the prognostic value of musculoskeletal symptoms in the course of treatment with the steroidal aromatase inhibitor exemestane or with tamoxifen after 2—3 years of tamoxifen.
In one of the recent studies conducted by National Institutes of Health Science, it was revealed that genes implicated in schizophrenia and autism turns out to be the members of selected genes in which one can observe the peak in the regulatory activities during the environmentally-sensitive critical period. There is a mechanism which is popularly called as DNA methylation which actually switches on and off in the human’s brain prefrontal cortex. With the increase in the methylation, gene expression slows down after the birth. The scientists have found that the activity related to environmentally responsive regulatory across the lifespan really turns the genes off and on in the brain.
Dyslexia also referred to as the disability to read and apprehend can now experience a major breakthrough in the field of research. Scientists in Chicago have found out some very interesting facts about the disorder and have come to the conclusion that the symptoms of the disorder in the child can be easily found and spotted in the much early days of his childhood. Now instead of waiting for the signs of the reading disorder and the disability can be found out much before a child even starts with the school.
According to a study recently conducted Statins used usually to lower cholesterol levels can also be effective in treating certain types of breast cancer. The study conducted by international team led by Carol Prives of Columbia University, New York successfully treated breast cancer cells carrying a mutant p53 gene with statins when some of them died and others stopped growing in the disorganized manner. But there is a lot more to be done in this research before interpreting lab results into clinical success.
In today’s television series and dramas you would come across scenes in which you can view video images and detailed scans of the victim’s body involved in a crime scene. These TV dramas basically promote virtopsy which as per autopsy and body imaging experts at The Johns Hopkins Hospital cannot replace the popular traditional autopsy. No doubt, full-body computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, X-ray and angiography are some of the great virtual imaging technologies however these are no match for the direct physical inspection of the body’s main organs.
Exemestane is a drug that is being commonly used to treat the cases of breast cancer in women. It belongs to a particular class of the drugs called as the aromatase inhibitors. Some of the breast cancers need estrogen to grow in the human body. Aromatase inhibitors are hence the drug that helps in inhibiting the synthesis of estrogen and hence this blocks the growth of cancers and lowers the estrogen levels. In spite of being so effective in dealing with the breast cancers it is also believed that the usage of this drug can weaken the bones in a woman. The women using this drug exemestane should hence get a regular bone monitoring check up done to evaluate the risks of fractures in the system.