Meningitis c vaccine is now quite popular among the individuals. The vaccine is made and prepared from the sugar coat of some typical germ. This causes a typical variety of meningitis. The sugar is conjugated with a type of protein and this when injected in to the body will lead to the development of the immunity to meningitis c. this will help in producing an apt defense system in the body. The vaccine is normally given in the form of an injection in to the upper arm of an individual.
According to American Academy of Pediatrics boys should be regularly given a vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) which is a common virus spread usually by sexual contact. There are many types of HPV, if vaccinated at regular intervals males and females can be protected against common types that can cause disease and cancer. The doctor’s group said that the routine vaccination of boys against HPV will prevent them transferring virus to girls thus reducing the risk of cervical cancer and protecting the boys against some other cancers arising from getting infected with HPV during oral and anal sex.
Perhaps every doctor you visit asks you to do the exercise regularly. Regular exercise helps to keep the body fit and avoid many deadly diseases. Some of the major diseases like high cholesterol, heart attacks, diabetes, etc. can easily be cured with the help of exercises. Exercises are also recommended for people who are looking to loose weight naturally without any kind of artificial methods. However, you would be surprised to know that exercise can also play a great role to cure cancer.
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine in California, converted cells from mouse skin into neural precursor cells, bypassing stem cell stage. Neural precursor cells are those cells that later develop into three main types of cells that are found in the brain and the nervous system. This report was published online in the early online January 30th issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. This study has questioned the old belief that the ability to become any other cell of the body, a characteristic of the stem cells called as pluripotency, is necessary in order to change from one cell type to another.
A heart attack occurs when a coronary artery is clogged or blocked suddenly. Before the heart attack occurs, there may be a gradual blockage of a coronary vessel with cholesterol plaque. The difference between stable CAD and a heart attack is that during the heart attack, one of the cholesterol plaques has cracked, causing a hemorrhage that blocks the vessel, or the vessel has narrowed until a tiny clot or clump of platelets can block it and deprive the muscle downstream of the blood necessary for survival.
Sometimes, some of the cells that line the coronary artery are sheared off by a rapid blood flow or some other damaging process. The tissue that is exposed promotes vigorous clotting that can block the vessel suddenly. Sometimes blood flows into the exposed cholesterol plaque and shears off a portion of it, forming a flap valve that suddenly blocks the vessel. However the blockage occurs, it prevents blood from reaching some of the heart muscle, causing part of that muscle to die.
What are the symptoms of a heart attack ?
Classically, a heart attack presents with a sudden onset of severe, crushing chest pain located under the sternum (breast bone) and spreading to the left armpit, arm, shoulder, neck, and jaw. If pain is rated on a 1-10 scale, with 1 being very mild and 10 being the worst pain ever experienced, heart attack pain is often 8-10. At the beginning, the pain may be less severe and may come and go over a period of hours, but severe pain is common. The pain can be associated with nausea, vomiting, sweating, palpitations, and shortness of breath.
Sometimes people will have only abdominal discomfort or back pain. Women may have symptoms different from those in men. If a heart attack is suspected, you (or your family) should call an ambulance to take you to the nearest hospital. Speedy transport to the hospital is critical because 50% of all people who die of heart attack do so within the first hour. Many of these early deaths are preventable with prompt medical attention. The earlier treatment is given, the more heart muscle can be saved.
People with diabetes often have different or no symptoms of heart attack. Silent heart attacks are common. If you have several risk factors for heart disease, be alert for any heart attack symptoms, including sudden out-of-control blood glucose levels. It is not unusual for people with diabetes to have the symptoms of nausea and shortness of breath but no chest pain because of damage to the sensory nerves of the heart. Discuss with your doctor whether you need any tests. Heart attack is common in people with diabetes – 30-50% more common than in other people of similar age, sex, and risk factors. The risk of having another heart attack is increased, and the risk is higher for people with type 1 than for those with type 2 diabetes.
A new study on the drugs for colon cancer provides evidence for oxaliplatin to enhance the survival rates for the patients undergoing standard chemotherapy for advanced colon cancer. Earlier, a combination of 5-FU with Leucovorin was the choice of chemotherapy for colon cancer patients which showed 26 percent of deduction in death rates but currently it was studied that adding oxaliplatin to this combination could further rise the figures to another 23 percent.
According to an international study in Lancet Oncology, the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome is higher in patients who suffer from breast cancer and are given exemestane than the patients who are administered tamoxifen. Aromatase inhibitors are more effective than tamoxifen in preventing breast cancer from recurring, but this is at the expense of side effects such as carpal tunnel syndrome. The study was aimed at studying and assessing the risk factors involved and the prognostic value of musculoskeletal symptoms in the course of treatment with the steroidal aromatase inhibitor exemestane or with tamoxifen after 2—3 years of tamoxifen.
In one of the recent studies conducted by National Institutes of Health Science, it was revealed that genes implicated in schizophrenia and autism turns out to be the members of selected genes in which one can observe the peak in the regulatory activities during the environmentally-sensitive critical period. There is a mechanism which is popularly called as DNA methylation which actually switches on and off in the human’s brain prefrontal cortex. With the increase in the methylation, gene expression slows down after the birth. The scientists have found that the activity related to environmentally responsive regulatory across the lifespan really turns the genes off and on in the brain.
Dyslexia also referred to as the disability to read and apprehend can now experience a major breakthrough in the field of research. Scientists in Chicago have found out some very interesting facts about the disorder and have come to the conclusion that the symptoms of the disorder in the child can be easily found and spotted in the much early days of his childhood. Now instead of waiting for the signs of the reading disorder and the disability can be found out much before a child even starts with the school.
According to a study recently conducted Statins used usually to lower cholesterol levels can also be effective in treating certain types of breast cancer. The study conducted by international team led by Carol Prives of Columbia University, New York successfully treated breast cancer cells carrying a mutant p53 gene with statins when some of them died and others stopped growing in the disorganized manner. But there is a lot more to be done in this research before interpreting lab results into clinical success.
In today’s television series and dramas you would come across scenes in which you can view video images and detailed scans of the victim’s body involved in a crime scene. These TV dramas basically promote virtopsy which as per autopsy and body imaging experts at The Johns Hopkins Hospital cannot replace the popular traditional autopsy. No doubt, full-body computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, X-ray and angiography are some of the great virtual imaging technologies however these are no match for the direct physical inspection of the body’s main organs.
Exemestane is a drug that is being commonly used to treat the cases of breast cancer in women. It belongs to a particular class of the drugs called as the aromatase inhibitors. Some of the breast cancers need estrogen to grow in the human body. Aromatase inhibitors are hence the drug that helps in inhibiting the synthesis of estrogen and hence this blocks the growth of cancers and lowers the estrogen levels. In spite of being so effective in dealing with the breast cancers it is also believed that the usage of this drug can weaken the bones in a woman. The women using this drug exemestane should hence get a regular bone monitoring check up done to evaluate the risks of fractures in the system.
It has been proven that stress is the leading cause of many common diseases and medical issues. Although this may come as a surprise, the fact of the matter is that taking some time to relax and blow off some stress is actually a very important part of being healthy! Of course, avoiding stress entirely is impossible, as it is a necessary brain function, but there are certainly ways to keep it at manageable levels.
There are endless ways to relieve the mind from stress. For some, it means just taking a few minutes to decompress during a stressful time. Other people may count to ten, or repeat a mantra. These can be fine ways to deal with stress when time is a factor, but sometimes that just isn’t enough. Many people find that seeing a specialist can be a great way to reduce stress levels naturally. Massage therapists, chiropractors, acupuncturists, and other natural healers are great at helping the mind to unwind, while also promoting physical health at the same time.
Chiropractic care in particular can be an excellent way to stop stress that is brought on by physical ailments. It is all too common for a simple misalignment in the body to cause chronic pain – a headache for instance – which can be the direct cause of undue stress. A chiropractor is able to adjust the spine, freeing the pinched nerve, eliminating the chronic headaches, and therefore ending the root of the stress. Sometimes taking deep breaths or massaging the temples just isn’t enough to get rid of chronic stress.
When work gets rough, so does your skin. Our dermis is a very sensitive and absolutely necessary organ that protects our entrails and keeps our bodies together. Our skin is sensitive, and requires a great deal of attention, especially when subjected to the dirt and grime that linger in the air as a result of our heavily polluted atmosphere. There are many threats to the well-being of our skin, and our skin can get damaged by winds, or more particularly by the sun. When the sun strikes, our skin can get burnt—badly. Only recently have dermatologists discovered the dangers of long-term exposure to the sun, and aside from the detrimental short-term effects of discomfort, itching, burning, and peeling, perennial sunburn can cause a world of problems far more taxing than a bit of pain, redness, and flaking.
But many of us need not worry about having serious skin problems such as these, and are more concerned with the cosmetic appearance of our skin, and simply waking up and feeling confident and comfortable in our dermis.