Nurses rarely consult research evidences for routine practices

Routine practices are followed by the nurses in order to prevent the transmission and spreading of microbes that can cause infection in the hospital form the patient to the staff, from staff to the patient, from patient to patient and from patient to other visitors. These routine practices are taken to be the very foundations of the prevention and control of infection in the health care institution. These routine practises have different names in different countries and there is no universal name given to them. However, the routine practises should be applied to all the patients equally without any exceptions.

The routine practises keep changing with time in order to incorporate better ways to keep the infections away from the people and to maintain the healthy environment of the health-care institution. Routine practices are to be reviewed at specific intervals of time and the must be updated regularly. This is because nurses, on a general basis, do not question these routine practices i.e. they do not question whether they are having the desired affects or not. This was found out in a study conducted by the researchers form the Institute of Technology in Tralee between 2006 and 2007.

The study involved a survey and interviews of around 400 Irish nurses and aimed at was aimed at finding how the nurses keep themselves informed in order to take decisions in their workplace. It was found that despite the tremendous increase in the research related evidence, nurses have not so readily adopted it into their daily methods of decision making. The researchers found out that in order to make decisions, the nurses accessed other people and especially their nurse colleagues, most frequently. The sources that offered original research work were not favoured as much as the sources that provide them with paper-packed guidelines and procedures.

The researchers said, “Nurses accessed other people, especially nursing colleagues, the most frequently.” The chances of any kind of contact with the body fluids, blood, excretion and different kinds of secretions form the body can be minimized if the routine practices are followed as they should be and whenever they should be by the nurses. These routine practices were first published in the year 1987 in order to protect the health care workers and the people around the patients. Later on, these standard precautions were published in the U.S. in 1996. These precautions assume all the patients to be infectious with HIV and Hepatitis B.

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